All of us know that our bodies are mostly composed of water and we should drink a certain amount to survive. In fact, our lungs are made of 90% water, blood of 83%, brain of 76% as well as kidneys and muscles are composed of 73 percent of water. Women are recommended to consume 9 cups or 2.2 liters, whereas men 12 cups or 3 liters on a daily basis.
These symptoms indicate you do not drink enough water:
– Darker urine
The usual urine color is light yellow- amber. However, when your body needs water, then waste products are excreted by the kidneys in the urine, for example toxins, blood cells, and proteins, which make the urine darker. Moreover, the urine may become darker after consuming some medications, food coloring, blackberries, asparagus, beets or B- vitamins. So, it is advisable to increase the water consumption and in case your urine stays dark for a long time, it could be an indicator of serious health problems like gallstones or hepatitis.
In case there isn’t enough water in the body, the body absorbs the water from every part of the body, including the colon, thus resulting in constipation. By drinking plenty of water you can prevent and treat constipation. This health issue can be also triggered by food sensitivities, stress, intestinal inflammation and dysbiosis, physical inactivity, and hypothyroidism.
– Reduced urine output
Remember, people should urinate six to seven times on a daily bases. But in case there isn’t enough water in the body, there will be less fluid that can replace the excreted body fluids and the kidneys will keep fluid as much as they can so they can prevent dehydration. If you notice you urinate less than six times daily, increase your water intake.
– Dry skin and more defined wrinkles
According to Dr. D. Howard, dehydration may contribute to itching, sensitive, inflamed and irritated skin. Also, in some cases the skin can bleed and become red with cracks. Decreased water intake can also contribute to appearance of wrinkles. By drinking a lot of water you can revitalize your skin.
– Dry mouth and thirst
If you feel thirsty, it is a sign that your body is slightly dehydrated. Plus, dry mouth is another indicator of body dehydration.
– Weight gain and hunger
The human body do not know the difference between thirst and hunger. To be more specific, the brain’s part known as hypothalamus that is responsible for the regulation of thirst and hunger actually gets confused as when the organism needs water, it results in hunger. Therefore, drink water instead of consuming a snack since it might lead to caloric intake and weight gain. Additionally, when you feel hungry, drink one cup of water and wait for fifteen minutes.
According to a 2011 study, a mild dehydration can reduce the energy, triggering tiredness and fatigue. Namely, when the body needs water, the heart has to work harder to push the oxygen and the nutrients through the body. So, the next time when you feel tired skip the coffee as it is dehydrating and instead of that drink water. Bear in mind, you should never substitute water with sport drinks, tea, soda, and coffee.
If you do not consume enough water, your body is going to absorb water from the tissues to compensate for the lack of fluids, so the brain tissue loses its shrinks and moisture and pulls away from the skull, leading to a headache. In addition, the blood volume drops reducing the oxygen amount being carried to the brain so the blood vessels of the brain will dilate and the headache will intensify.
– Weaken immune system
Lowered water intake increases the toxin concentration in the blood, which weakens the immune system. In order to get rid of the toxins as well as help your immune system to fight against infections you should drink enough amount of water.
What’s more, decrease the consumption of juice and coffee since they can dehydrate your body as a result of their sugar and caffeine content.
– Joint pain
The water acts as a lubricant to the joints, allowing them to slide over each other. In case there is not enough water intake, the joints will become nutrient deficient, which can result in damage of the cartilage cells. That’s not all, if you do not consume enough water for longer period, then the cartilage will degenerate beyond repair.