When too much glucose builds up in our bloodstream, the result is the appearance of blood sugar spikes which our body uses as a fuel. This is used for all the good functions of our organs, muscles, brain etc. Most of the foods we intake become glucose.
We can use it as fuel as soon as it reaches the body cells with the help of insulin. This hormone is released by our pancreas.
When too much glucose becomes accumulated in our blood stream, our body starts lacking insulin. Its buildup makes our levels of sugar or blood glucose increased.
This doesn’t mean that you have diabetes. You have to look for signs and treat any of them on time.
Many people have problems with high blood sugar. It’s mostly because of our stressful lifestyle, as well as the processed, unhealthy foods we eat which are abundant in toxic chemicals.
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar can be in 2 different kinds:
- Fasting hyperglycemia– blood sugar more than 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) after you haven’t ate or drank anything for 8 hours.
- After-meal or postprandial hyperglycemia –blood sugar more than 180 mg/dL 2 hours after any meal.
In case you leave high blood sugar untreated, it causes great nerve damage, but also damaged organs and blood vessels which can cause different health problems and conditions.
Numerous reasons can increase the levels of blood sugar:
A diet full of carbohydrates
Skipping the oral glucose-decreasing medicineor insulin
Including yourself in a strenuous physical activity in moments with decreased levels of insulin and high levels of blood sugar
It’s extremely important to discover the early signs of increased levels of blood sugar. Here are some of the most common:
Excess Abdominal Weight/Fat: The food you consumed can’t nourish the cells as it doesn’t enters them. You feel hungry all the time and gain weight, particularly in the belly area.
Nerve Problems:Oxygen and nutrients are carried to the nerves by blood vessels which become damaged because of high levels of blood sugar.
Urinating During the Night/Excessive Urination:You may acquire a urinary tract infection because of high blood sugar levels. You may urinate all the time.
Blurred Vision:The lens of our eyes become swollen because of increased levels of blood sugar that can also cause blurred vision.
Stomach Problems:High levels of blood sugar can cause distention, bloating, nausea and pain in the stomach. In the case of high blood sugar levels, one faces difficulties to empty the food from the stomach, which leads to pain, nausea, bloating and distention.
Itchy and Dry Skin:Poor blood circulation can cause itchiness in the lower part of the legs particularly.
Difficulty Concentrating:Glucose can’t be removed from our bloodstream in the cells if we lack insulin. That causes inability to concentrate as well as tiredness.
Dry Mouth:Increased levels of blood sugar can make our mouth very dry.
Recurrent Infections:If you have infections which are recurring, it may also be a sign of increased levels of blood sugar.
Dysfunction of the pituitary,thyroidand adrenal glands:Problems with the pancreas and this kind of problems can also appear because of high blood sugar.
Thirst:When our kidneys work too much, we eliminate all the fluids through our urine which makes us thirsty.
Slow Healing Wounds: If you have some wounds or bruises which heal for a long time, it may be because of high levels of blood sugar.
Always Hungry:We become constantly hungry because of a hormone called incretin which decreases the flow of sugar from our liver after meals. It can appear in a short time after you’ve eaten in order to increase the levels of blood sugar once again.
Extreme TirednessorConstant Fatigue: In case of a low thyroid, you might start feeling depressed, sleepy or tired. You will need energy in order to fight infections and that will cause high levels of blood sugar as well as constant fatigue.
Skin Changes:Skin growths, discolorations, thick or dark skin areas on the neck and hands can also be a sign of this problem.
NumbnessandTingling:Neuropathy or otherwise called nerve damage which appears because of increased levels of blood sugar can also cause these signs in some parts of our body.
Impotence:This is a problem that might damage the nerves or blood vessels if it’s left untreated and later in life be the cause for impotence in men.